A hate crime is defined as illegal activity that is motivated by perceptions of discrimination in race, religion, ethnicity, or sexual orientation (McDevitt & Levin 1993; “Hate Crime Statistics Act” 1992). This prejudice-motivated activity can be organized against persons, families, groups or organizations. In this connection, the Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic elimination of six million Jews by the Nazi government and their associates as a main act of state during World War II. In 1933 circa nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Germany during the war. Two out of every three European Jews had been killed by 1945.
In spite of the fact that Jews were the primary victims, innumerable Roma (Gypsies) and at least 250,000 mentally or physically disabled persons were also victims of Nazi genocide. While Nazi oppression spread across Europe from 1933 to 1945, millions of other virtuous people were vexed and murdered. More than 3 million Soviet prisoners of war were murdered for their nationality. Poles and Slavs were fated for slave labor, and thus, almost two million died. Homosexuals and others assumed "anti-social" were also vexed and oft murdered. Furthermore, thousands of political and religious dissidents such as communists, socialists, trade unionists, and Jehovah's Witnesses were persecuted for their dogmas and many died as a result of mistreatment.
The bigotry and hate were such that the concentration camp was all but intimately analogous to the Holocaust and remains a surviving emblem of the Nazi regime . In the wake of such events, the core of the story of Schindler's List is that one individual can change things, against all odds. In the story, the things that motivated Schindler to take increasingly bold steps to protect and save his Jewish workers is anything that not even those who cherish him almost can figure out. The story narrates that within weeks of the 1939 German invasion of Poland that launched World War II, the signs of German occupation were clear in Krakow. A flow of directives and decrees made Jewish life increasingly uncertain. Armband lei with the Star of David became obligatory. A closed Jewish quarter was constructed when walls went up around the Podgorze district and all Jews were commanded to move there. Into this midst Schindler arrived, expecting to set himself up in business as an entrepreneurial industrialist
Schindler knew how to make a bureaucrat contented, and was rewarded with control of a once Jewish-owned enamelware factory he names Deutsche Emailware Fabrik. His extravagant parties, immodest bribes and sphere of girlfriends helped him secure profitable contracts to produce mess kits and field kitchenware for the German army. Schindler's factory became a haven for his Jewish workers. He used his connections to curt every Nazi action that endangered his Jewish workers, especially those that came from Amon Goeth, the inhuman SS commandant of the Plaszow forced labor camp.
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In order to hide his workers from Goeth's random and brutal assaults, Schindler came up with the idea of establishing his own sub-camp at Emalia. He built and operated the camp at his own expense. No guards were permitted inside the camp to abuse the workers, and food and living conditions were infinitely better than at Plaszow. Schindler dealt intelligently on the black market, purchasing goods with the help of Poldek Pfefferberg. He was even able to influx such luxuries as liquor, chocolate, fruit, coffee and silk stockings.
This inclination landed him in good favor with Nazis who could have, with a simple shrug, boxed him to a death camp. In 1944, when the Nazis demanded Plaszow and its sub-camps be shut as part of their "Final Solution," targeting all Jews to be sent to Auschwitz, Gross-Rosen or Treblinka annihilation camps, Schindler increased his resourcefulness. He capitalized on his intelligently cultivated Nazi connections, negotiating with Goeth to allow him move his factory to Brinnlitz, a small town on the Polish-Czechoslovakian border. He would be permitted to draw up a list of "essential" Jewish workers whom he could take with him as his work force. When word spread that there was a list, all prayed to be on it.
This was the story of the holocaust that the Nazis started as an emblem of bigotry and hate. But still in the present day, the crimes motivated by hate and hate group activities are more visible. In this informational age, the predominance of hate groups in America and all over the world is increasingly more evident. There are more than 500 hate groups in the United States only, majority with several branches all over the country. While we are seeing the frequency of vicious crime drib across the country, the reported numbers of hate crimes had almost doubled between 1991 and 1995. Congress defines a hate crime as: "a crime in which the defendant intentionally selects a victim, or in the case of a property crime, the property that is the object of the crime, because of the actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person."
Every American has a stake in an effectual combating to violent bigotry. With our increasingly disparate society, we cannot make secure communities if not we nurture endurance. Hate crimes mark individuals or groups based on gender, race, disability, age or sexual orientation; accordingly, the awesome majority of Americans could be the victim. Hate crimes claim a primacy response because of their special emotional and psychological contact on the victim and his or her community. The extensive effects of hate crimes cannot be graded exclusively in terms of physical injury or money spent. These crimes may realistically frighten members of the victim's community, leaving them feeling secluded, defenseless and unprotected by the law. By making members of minority communities timid, incensed and furtive of other groups, and of the power structure that is assumed to insulate them, such events can impair the foundation of our society and fragment communities.
According to the National Council of La Raza (NCLR), a count of factors bequest to hate crimes, including: the predominance of racism and negative stereotypes
• The media's negative depiction of racial and ethnic minorities, women, gays and lesbians, and other targeted groups
• Demographic shift and inter-ethnic anxieties
• Anti-immigrant sentiment and
• Increased visibility of hate-groups, especially on the Internet.
The FBI reports that almost half of all victims of reported hate crimes are African- American. Likewise, while Hispanics lately make up only 7% of reported victims, hate crimes against Hispanics are on the increase. According to a study by NCLR, police besetment and official mistreatment have become prevalent in heartland and suburban communities that have seen a big inrush in the number of Spanish-speaking immigrants. Incursions targeting undocumented immigrants have frequently swept up citizens and other legal residents by error. At present, 42 states have some type of Hate Crimes legislation. Out of these 42 states, only 22 have extensive laws that cover race, gender, age, disability, and sexual orientation. The safety of all citizens from criminal activity animated by hate is fundamental to the enrichment of strong families and communities.
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