John Woo’s films, predominantly of an action and adventure genre, incorporate aspects of Chinese mythology in the characterizations of goodness and evil (Hanke, 35). Woo’s American films (Face/Off, Broken Arrow) exemplify the most obvious attributes of Woo’s style, with excessive gunplay, slow motion, and unbelievable action sequences. Within these aspects of violence, however, is a choreography that reflects a basic morality tale about power, personal transcendence, and a romantic hero’s struggle to overcome a moral crisis (Hanke, 36). It is here, in the fantasy morality play that particular Chinese influence that can be traced to the American-made films of both Woo and Ang Lee.read more
Charles Beard was interested in the interrelation of economics and politics. In An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution, he argued that the framers of the Constitution, as property owners, were chiefly interested in constructing a charter to protect their wealth. This was a Marxist analysis that focused on the haves and the have-nots.read more
This page undergraduate paper discusses the change in the quasi-capitalistic micro economy over time. The paper also refers to a shift from the classical study of economics from Adam Smith that is from the free market system to a more Keynesian approach. The paper highlights how technology has changed how we work as the employee is no longer just a factor of production to be exploited but a meaningful part of the business.read more
The word “account” is at the root of the words accountable, accountant, and accounting. Common to all these words is the idea of accurate and responsible reporting and/or recording. This paper will regretfully show that while the word “account” certainly carries weight insofar as lending an impression of truth, accuracy, and objectivity, in our society today, the impression is increasingly found to be false. Highlighted and discussed will be the fields which seem to be particularly vulnerable to misleading or outright false financial reporting:read more
SUMMARY: Enron is quickly becoming a 21st century equivalent of the 1950’s game show scandals that inspired the film Quiz Show. Both events involved a very large organization, an apparently active conspiracy to deceive the public and employees, and touches a very broad section of our political and economic power structure. Enron had emerged from the smoke and mirrors associated with all scandals as a clearly unfathomable organization – Enron is an enigma. Before the bankruptcy, Enron enjoyed an enormously successful history of brokering energy to and from various points on the compass – from virtually blackmailing California during that state’s energy crisis of the summer of 2000, to the general failure to meet energy contracts throughout the county. Enron’s excesses, mismanagement, shady accounting, questionable ethics, and its octopus-like hold on seemingly half of all the congressional politicians in Washington combine to lend credence to conspiracy theorists who assert that there are commercial forces at work behind governmental decisions that supercede concerns for the American citizenry. Like any scandalized person or organization, prior to exposure, everyone is ecstatic to be in bed together, but post-exposure, all the partners jump out of bed faster than roaches under a sun-lamp. Enron collapsed because it was a giant built upon a balsa wood foundation. It is the purpose of this paper to examine the factors involved in the collapse of Enron.read more
Summary: This paper deals with sickle-cell disease (SCD, also known as sickle cell anemia) from a genetic point of view. The disease and its genetic trait do not conform well to the traditional model of genetic inheritance, which required that the medical establishment rethink its ideas about genetic concepts like “dominant” and “recessive”. It often occurs in areas rife with malaria, and may be linked to an increased protection from severe malaria. Also discussed: symptoms of SCD, treatments and gene therapies, and demographics.read more
The rise of Islam, the fall of Rome, and the complications of Christianity in Europe and Africa are all intertwined. At their core, these events truly shaped our modern society. As Europe encountered the major cultural centers of Axom and Meroe, and as the cultural exchange that comes unavoidably from trade, things began to change drastically in the world. It is the purpose of this paper to examine, in a broad stroke, the relationship between Africa and Europe, and between Christianity and Islam during the middle three centuries of the first millennia.read more
A predominant theme in environmental philosophy is the claim that we need to correct an anthropocentric bias in our attitudes to the nonhuman world, and in particular to extend moral concern across time and across species. This is the central claim of "deep ecology", which maintains that the uncritical acceptance of anthropocentric values has abetted reprehensible practices with respect to the non-human world. In the following, the benefits and the shortcomings of anthropocentrism will be examined within the framework of ‘deep ecology’. This paper will attempt to demonstrate both the value and some of the limitations of this framework with respect to the problem of anthropocentrism. This paper will begin with an analysis of the problem of anthropocentrism, and then proceed to a discussion of deep ecology as one of the more serious challenges to this environmental question.read more
This essay - discussing the life in art of Kano Tanyu (1602- 1674) - will argue that Tanyu represents a classic example of the function of patronage in the production of art. In 17th century Japan the styles and subjects of art differed depending upon the class who were to be the designated audience for the art. The Kano family had tied its fortunes to the ruling Tokugawa clan from an early date; Tanyu's artist father having moved to Edo at the order of the shogun. This patronage was key to the Kano family's prominence both socially and artistically, as the daimyos of the lesser courts throughout the country copied the official art and styles of the shogunate (Paine & Soper, 202).read more
Any discussion of the influence of Chinese architecture upon the design of Japanese temples must acknowledge that the relationship between the two design aesthetics is not simply one of Japanese acquisition of foreign styles and forms. Rather, this essay will argue that this influence may best be described as a dialectic or a "conversation" taking place in Japanese culture over centuries. In the course of this "conversation" Chinese Buddhist architectural styles - themselves influenced by earlier Indian models - influenced the design of native Japanese Shinto shrines. However, the more direct transplantation of Chinese Buddhist temple architecture in Japan was likewise often influenced by older Japanese architectural principles - as most famously embodied in the Shinto shrines - to finally evolve into a architectural style that - in Zen Buddhist temples - may best be described as an amalgam of the two forms.read more
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